Calf pain physiotherapy Brisbane southside.
Calf pain can have various causes, ranging from minor issues like muscle strain to more serious medical conditions. Some of the more common causes of calf pain can include:
- Muscle Strain: Overstretching or tearing of the calf muscles can lead to calf pain. This can result from sudden movements, overexertion, or inadequate warm-up before exercise.
- Cramps: Muscle cramps in the calf can be caused by dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, or muscle fatigue. They can also occur during rest or at night.
- Achilles Tendinitis: Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, can cause pain in the calf area.
- Shin Splints: Pain along the front of the calf can be a symptom of shin splints, which are often caused by overuse or improper running techniques.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot in the deep veins of the leg can cause calf pain, along with swelling and redness. DVT is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
- Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): Reduced blood flow to the calf muscles due to narrowed arteries can lead to pain and cramping, especially during physical activity.
- Calf Muscle Tears or Ruptures: Severe muscle tears or ruptures can cause sharp, sudden pain in the calf. These injuries often require medical evaluation and treatment.
- Nerve Compression: Conditions like sciatica or lumbar disc herniation can cause nerve compression in the lower back, leading to referred pain in the calf.
- Overuse or Repetitive Stress: Activities that involve repetitive use of the calf muscles, such as long-distance running or cycling, can lead to overuse injuries and pain.
- Compartment Syndrome: This rare condition occurs when increased pressure within the calf muscle compartment restricts blood flow and causes pain. It's a medical emergency.
- Infections: Infections, such as cellulitis, can cause calf pain along with swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area.
- Inflammatory Conditions: Diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or gout can lead to inflammation and pain in the calf muscles and joints.
- Nerve Conditions: Conditions like neuropathy or sciatica can cause calf pain as a result of nerve damage or irritation.
- Varicose Veins: Swollen and twisted veins near the surface of the skin can lead to discomfort and pain in the calf area.
- Injuries: Trauma, such as a direct blow or impact to the calf, can result in pain, bruising, or muscle damage.