Multiple Sclerosis Physiotherapy Brisbane southside.
What is MS?
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. In MS, the immune system mistakenly targets the myelin – a fatty protective substance covering nerve fibers, in the CNS, leading to neuroinflammation, loss of myelin sheath around neurons and subsequent neuronal loss. Main consequence is the problems of signal transmission between the brain and the rest of the body. The clinical course of the disease is quite variable ranging from stable chronic disease to a rapidly evolving and debilitating illness. The most common form of the disease is relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis; however, several other forms exist. MS most commonly occurs in populations being Caucasians with ancestry from northern Europe, and colder climates with lack of sun exposure are thought to be one of the most significant predisposing factors.
How is MS Diagnosed?
MS typically requires a referral to a specialist for definitive diagnosis.
- Examination by a specialist neurologist: A detailed assessment of movement, muscle strength, reflexes, sensation, and other cognitive functions.
- MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging can reveal areas of MS (lesions) on the brain and spinal cord.
- Spinal Fluid Analysis: Lumbar puncture or spinal tap can show abnormalities in antibodies linked to MS.
- Evoked Potentials: These tests measure electrical activity in response to stimuli, checking the transmission of nerve signals.
How Can Physiotherapy Help with MS?
Exercise is essential. Exercise is beneficial at multiple levels and has an important role in delaying negative symptoms of the disease. Ample research evidence suggest that exercise is safe and effective in symptom management and disease modification. Physiotherapy can help in:
- Improving Mobility: Customised exercises and strategies to enhance gait, balance, and coordination.
- Muscle Spasticity Management: Techniques to reduce muscle stiffness, which can limit functional mobility.
- Pain Management: Utilising therapies like manual therapy, dry needling, or TENS to manage pain associated with MS.
- Functional Training: Tailored strategies to maintain and improve daily activities like walking, dressing, or even typing.
- Fatigue Management: Educating patients on energy conservation techniques and helping develop a balanced routine.
How can Clinical Pilates Help with MS Rehabilitation?
- Core Strengthening: Pilates focuses on core muscles, which can enhance balance and posture for MS patients.
- Improving Flexibility: Through stretches and fluid movements, Pilates can boost muscle and joint flexibility.
- Breathing Techniques: Breathing exercises in Pilates can improve lung capacity and energy levels.
- Mind-body Connection: The mindfulness aspect of Pilates can be beneficial for cognitive function and overall well-being.
What is the Prognosis for MS?
The prognosis for MS varies greatly from person to person. While MS is a lifelong condition, many people with MS can lead active, fulfilling lives with the condition managed effectively. It's crucial to understand that MS has different types and stages, and its progression can be unpredictable. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and potentially slow the disease's progression.
Living with MS: Tips and Resources
- Stay Active: Regular exercise tailored to individual abilities can help maintain muscle strength and flexibility.
- Stay Informed: New research and treatments are emerging. Staying updated can be empowering.
- Connect with Support: Engaging with MS communities or support groups can provide valuable emotional and practical assistance. See Support and Services - MS Australia
- Regular Check-ups: Keeping in touch with healthcare professionals can optimise treatment strategies.
At our clinic, we understand the complexities and challenges of MS. Our team remains at the forefront of research, providing evidence-based care tailored to each individual's unique needs. We are here to guide, support, and empower you at every step of your journey with MS.
Our physiotherapists can develop a customised treatment plan tailored to each individual's needs and goals. With the help of physiotherapy, many people with neurological conditions can improve their movement and function, reduce pain, and improve their quality of life, please don't hesitate to give us a call on 07 3706 3407 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We are happy to accept CDMPs and NDIS patients.